18 September 2014

[180914.EN.SEA] Sea Change In Revenue Management Needed To Improve Profitability: Expert

CONTAINER shipping lines can improve profitability with more sophisticated revenue management systems, says Seabury Group consultancy's executive director Gert-Jan Jansen.

Speaking at Containerisation International's Global Liner Shipping Asia Conference, Mr Jansen said management had to understand the implications of every container move and not just which box makes the most money.

When vessel space is limited, this will allow companies to select to carry containers from origins that have the most positive impact on overall company profitability, reports Lloyd's List.

"How do you account for the repositioning costs of empty containers? How do you look at transshipment costs? How granular and detailed are you able to do these calculations and assessments?" he said.

"You have to understand all the network implications of a certain choice and I think that is something that can be done with sophistication," said Mr Jansen.

But Mr Jansen said the process requires a "mental and cultural change", adding that companies might consider bonuses based on sales which had the most positive impact on overall company profitability rather than selling space to the highest paying box.

"When we are thinking of revenue management, I see a lot of over-investment in IT and under investment in training, process improvements and getting people to understand how it is," he said.

Another speaker told delegates that shipping lines needed to have better understanding of customers' needs and not focus solely on price.

United Arab Shipping Co (UASC) vice president Eric Williams said container shipping market was too focused on costs, which resulted in lower reliability.

He said carriers that focused on customer needs would be in a better position to charge a premium even for low-value commodities, he said.

"Do we, as an industry, have a willingness to change? Or will it be the same old approach of trying to win the same old business on the lowest price? Or is there a new way to work with customers and find solutions for their business, and at the same time get paid a fair amount for that?" he said.

While much of this service differentiation would come through closer customer relationships, customers also required access to vessel space, particularly in the peak season, good levels of service and improved reliability, said Mr Williams.

Agreeing, Maersk Line's Asia Pacific chief Lars Mikael Jensen, said: "We think the next battle between carriers will be around our ability to actually develop commercial excellence and online possibilities that will make life easier for everybody.

"The lines have now pretty much said that they have all gone into groupings where they are going to work with each other to provide the basic products," he said.

Mr Jensen said Maersk Line differentiated itself from other carriers in different ways, individualising services, educating staff and expanding the customer relationship across different teams, improving online solutions and tailoring its KPIs [key performance indicators] to individual customer needs.

Yet while a customer focus was important, the "basic stuff" such as a continued drive to create cost-efficient and reliable services was not to be forgotten, Mr Jensen said.

During question, period a large European shipper said he would settle for getting the product he bought, rather than some else where all too frequently occurred with many carriers.

Mr Williams and Mr Jensen agreed that improving consistency of service and process throughout would ensure this did not happen.

Source : HKSG, 18.09.14.

[180914.ID.AIR] Tak Punya Aset, Merpati Tak Bisa Bayar Gaji & Pesangon Karyawan

Bisnis.com, JAKARTA--Niat  Menteri BUMN Dahlan Iskan untuk membayar gaji dan pesangon karyawan PT Merpati Nusantara Airlines (Persero)  terbentur ketiadaan aset.

Sebelumnya, dia berencana untuk menjual Merpati Maintenance Facility (MMF) guna  menyicil kewajiban yang ditaksir sebesar Rp1 triliun itu.

"Ternyata MMF sudah dijaminkan untuk utang-utang yang dulu, sehingga surat-suratnya juga sudah di tangan yang memberi pinjaman, jadi sama sekali enggak bisa dijual. Aset yang nilainya puluhan miliar sudah enggak ada sama sekali,"  ungkapnya, Kamis (18/9/2014).

Sebenarnya walau MMF terjual pun takkan menutup kewajiban Merpati karena taksiran harga jual MMF hanya Rp300 miliar.

Terkait pengajuan permohononan penundaan kewajiban pembayaran utang (PKPU),  Mantan Dirut PT PLN (Persero) tersebut mempersilahkan melanjutkan. PKPU itu untuk menyelesaikan utang pada pihak swasta sekitar Rp2 triliun.

Namun, Dahlan pun tak punya jawaban saat ditanya darimana Merpati membayar PKPU itu.

"Enggak tahu saya. Dengan tanggungan Rp15 triliun mau diapakan, kita minta pandangan masyarakat luas karena logikanya uang Rp15 triliun bisa bikin tiga Merpati," tuturnya.

Sumber : Bisnis Indonesia, 18.09.14.

17 September 2014

[170914.EN.SEA] Decline of Reefer Fleet to Increase Reefer Box Capacity 22pc by 2018

DREWRY Maritime Research says in its latest Reefer Shipping report that reefer capacity on the containership fleet is expected to increase 22 per cent over the next five years at the expense of a declining specialised reefer fleet.

Reefer box capacity is expected to grow from 1.6 million FEU slots in 2013 to 1.9 million slots in 2018. But this fleet growth is not expected to adversely impact vessel utilisation levels thanks to strong cargo growth.

Reefer container volumes are forecast to rise 20.5 million tonnes over this period, 16.5 million tonnes by organic growth and four million tonnes at the expense of the shrinking specialised reefer industry.

Overall seaborne perishable reefer trade will increase by 17 per cent during the same five-year period, providing an additional 16.5 million tonnes of cargo.

Source : HKSG.

[170914.ID.BIZ] Epidemi EBOLA: Sierra Leone Hadapi Kelumpuhan Ekonomi

Bisnis.com, FREETOWN – Pemerintah Sierra Leone menyatakan penerimaan negara semester pertama tersebut tidak mencapai target, terdampak oleh pemangkasan produksi oleh korporasi akibat meluasnya wabah ebola yang menewaskan total 2.500 penduduk.

Bank sentral Sierra Leone, Senin (15/9/2014) mengumumkan pendapatan 1,3 triliun leones atau setara US$299 juta pada paruh pertama, di bawah target pemerintah yaitu 1,5 triliun leones.

Menurut Menteri Keuangan Kaifala Marah, ekonomi diprediksikan bertumbuh 7%-8% tahun ini, turun dari estimasi sebelumnya yaitu 12%-13%. “Pendapatan jatuh karena sejumlah perusahaan besar mengurangi produksi mereka,” ungkap Marah.

Meluasnya epidemi ebola telah melumpuhkan perekonomian negara tersebut. Padahal, ekonomi Sierra Leone baru saja pulih setelah 12 perang saudara berakhir. International Monetary Fund (IMF) mengestimasi Sierra Leone membutuhkan setidaknya US$100 juta – US$130 juta untuk memperbaiki neraca pembayaran.

Sebelumnya, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) menyampaikan wabah tersebut telah merusak laha-lahan pertanian negara-negara Afrika Barat. FAO menyatakan membutuhkan dana US$70 juta untuk membantu pangan 1,3 juta masyarakat yang terlah terinfeksi ebola.

Akhir pekan lalu Afican Development Bank (AfDB) menyampaikan akan menyumbangkan US$150 juta untuk mengangkat keuangan publik negara-negara terjangkit ebola. AfDB mengestimasikan ekonomi Liberia, Guinea, dan Sierra Leone tertekan hingga 3,5% akibat wabah tersebut.

Sumber : Bisnis Indonesia, 15.09.14.

16 September 2014

[160914.EN.SEA] Ballast Water Treatment Raises Hackles, Concerns For Shipowners, Managers

SHIPOWNERS and shipmanagers are increasingly concerned and annoyed about ballast water treament rules, already compulsory in the US and expected to become general if enough member states decide to ensure invasive species do not enter in water ways

A Lloyd's List survey revealed much unhappiness as US technical requirements look as if they will be world standards, eventually required by the UN's International Maritime Organisation (IMO).

The horrendous expense is another big concern. The survey found that 61 per cent of owners expected to pay US$50,000 to $1 million for a small ballast water treatment system and 50 per cent expected to pay up to $5 million for a larger system.

"The owner must make sure that the maker's list includes suppliers that are acceptable to him, otherwise the shipyards will select the cheapest with a certificate. The cheapest systems do not work in real life," said one survey respondent.

Costs of putting older vessels through the process, and cost of buying, planning and installing treatment systems, just as other regulations force the installation of other new and costly technology, were said to be just too high.

"Many older chemical tankers will not have sufficient auxiliary engine capacity to run a BWT [ballast water treatment], while on the same type of vessels, there is simply no space to locate it, unless a cargo tank is being de-commissioned," a shipowner said.

Said one shipmanager: "Can the massive killing of micro-organisms at sea, through the ballast-treatment systems, create a greater problem in a few generations on the food chain? Has anyone given a thought on that?"

The IMO awaits additional member states, with a collective 2.5 per cent of the global fleet to bring the ballast water convention to the next stage, and then into force a year later.

The US Coast Guard has now temporarily approved more than 40 ballast water treatment systems for ships operating in its national waters.

The US has always said it would adopt its own rules, and concern was expressed that the disparity between the American rules and the international ones would cause trouble when ships entered American ports.

More than 60 per cent said their BWT purchase decision would depend on whether it had US approval. In the end, said one shipowner, the US Coast Guard approval will become a de facto IMO approval, but not the other way around.

One concern was how port state control would conduct compliance checks and what was the risk of fines, detentions and outright bans would be.

Asked if port state control inspectors will take a uniform and consistent approach to testing, 71 per cent said no.

This threw open the question of guarantees from equipment makers and legal liabilities when running afoul of the new inspectorates.

More than 65 per cent said there were in discussions about performance guarantees and more than the 48 per cent said they were in talks about guaranteeing operability, said the Lloyd's List synopsis.

Many of the approved ballast water treatment systems kill all animal life in the tanks. The efficacy of the poison used was a great concern to 36 per cent, with the ability of filter it out being another concern.

Source : HKSG.

[160914.ID.BIZ] Produksi Industri China Melempem

Bisnis.com, BEIJING –Produksi industri China tumbuh pada laju terlemahnya dalam 6 tahun terakhir. Di saat yang sama, penjualan ritel dan investasi pun melempem, mengonfirmasi pemulihan ekonomi Negeri Panda gagal mencapai momentumnya.

Produksi industri naik 6,9% pada Agustus (year-on-year) , laju paling lambat sejak Desember 2008 ketika negara-negara dunia menghadapi krisis keuangan global. Adapun estimasi para ekonom adalah kenaikan 8,8% dan pada Juli lalu produksi industri meningkat 9%.

Ekonom Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd, Liu Li-Gang menyampaikan data ini meningkatkan kekhawatiran Perdana Menteri Li Keqiang mengenai apakah ia dapat mengejar target pertumbuhan ekonomi 7,5% tahun ini.

Pasalnya, data tersebut juga menunjukkan keterpurukan pasar properti masih mengancam laju pertumbuhan. “Demi kredibilitasnya, Li sepertinya akan memutuskan sebuah kebijakan demi mencapai target ekspansi,” kata Li-Gang di Beijing, Sabtu (13/9). Ia merujuk pada kebijakan stimulus yang direkomendasikan sejumlah analis pada PM Li.

Data yang dipublikasikan menunjukkan penjualan retail naik 11,9%, berada di bawah estimasi yaitu naik 12,1% sekaligus melambat dari kenaikan Juli yaitu 12,2%. Adapun investasi aset tetap tumbuh 16,5% sepanjang 8 bulan pertama tahun ini dibandingkan periode yang sama tahun sebelumnya.

Negara Tembok Raksasa tersebut diprediksi akan kembali tumbuh melambat pada kuartal ini. Pada kuartal I lalu, China tumbuh 7,4% dan berekspansi 7,5% pada kuartal berikutnya, berkat sejumlah langkah-langkah stimulus seperti percepatan pengerjaan sejumlah proyek infrastruktur, dan menyuntikkan dana untuk mendorong bank meningkatkan pinjaman.

Sumber : Bisnis Indonesia, 16.09.14.

15 September 2014

[150914.EN.SEA] Westports Set to Handle 8 Million TEU With Launch of New Terminal

WITH the launch of container terminal 7 (CT7), Westports Holding expects to handle eight million TEU this year now that it has dominated the Port Klang as market leader, handling 7.5 million TEU last year.

Westports CEO Ruben Emir Gnanalingam said Westports is now achieving 22,000 TEU in a day, more than 150,000 TEU per week.

To date, Westports has handled more than 60 million TEU from a wide variety of vessels from very small barges to the biggest ships since it opened in the early '90s, the New Straits Times reported.

"Today we are proud to be the catalyst behind port Klang's growth by holding 78 per cent of Port Klang's container market share.

"In total, we have grown our volume by 374 per cent from 2001 to 2013 and propelling it to become the 12th largest port in the world," said Mr Gnanalingam during the launch ceremony of container terminal 7 (CT7) and Westport Malaysia Sdn Bhd 20th anniversary celebration.

He said that from being able to handle 140 moves in 1997, Westports now handle 739 moves in an hour starting earlier this year and made their way into CSCL Le Havre a World Record in Container productivity.

"We are also currently owning the largest cranes in the world which stand 52 metres high," he said.

He also expressed his confidence that these cranes along with other parts of CT7 like the yard's rubber-tyred gantries (RTG) crane will bring up capacity to 11 million TEU along the busiest sea trade route in the world, the Straits of Malacca.

Mr Gnanalingam added that with the launch of CT7, Westports will be ready for the latest 19,000-TEU vessels when they are launched by China Shipping this year.

Source : HKSG.